Significant spread of soybean in the world due primarily to a unique combination of culture seeds are high in protein (38-45%), which in its amino acid composition is equivalent to the "ideal" fat (18-25%), carbohydrates (25- 30%). The ash soybean seeds high in potassium, phosphorus, vitamins (A, B1, B2, E, C, D1, D3, RR.), Enzymes and minerals. Soya plays a crucial role in enhancing the culture of agriculture, nitrogen balance of the soil, crop structure and balance of food resources. It is deservedly popular with farmers and agriculture professionals around the culture as the most profitable, the cheapest producer of protein is important in strengthening the economy and improving living standards. In soybeans great future, it can significantly improve the food security of the population of Ukraine, where growth for its production are favorable. Soya - a unique feed, food, pharmaceutical, engineering and culture, so that was one of the main strategic crop farming. Where in the world in 1960, producing 31 million tons of soybeans in 2002 - 184.9, in 2009 - 210.9 million tons. In 2013, soybean grown 286.8 million tons. The main countries - producers of soy are the United States - 89 5 million tons, Brazil - 89 Argentina - 54.5 China - 12.2, India - 11.8, Paraguay - 9.0 Canada - 5.3, Ukraine - 2.76 million tons.